Henry Cooper's Descendants
Early in the Nineteenth Century a part of the Cooper extended family be came established in the Streatham area of Greater London. The parents o f the family were Henry and Henrietta Cooper. Where Henry was born is u nknown at present, but it is known and recorded in the England/Wales 18 51 Census that Henrietta was born in Burnham, Buckinghamshire.
A search for Henry's birthplace has come to a halt because no trace can be found of any documented evidence. Consequently it has been decided t o concentrate on tracing the names of as many as possible of Henry and H enrietta's descendants.
It will be almost impossible to finish this task - simply because there is no one in touch with some large segments of the family. Only so muc h can be achieved from researching the records - especially with the 10 0 year restriction put on some records such as the British Census repor ts - but it will provide an interesting research programme for many yea rs. As the people that this is addressed to are all descended from Edwa rd (one of Henry's children) it will probably be easier to concentrate o n Edward's descendants first - but at the same time trying to find desc endants of the other children.
It is hoped that if the current known data is distributed among the fam ily and all memories are brought to bear the task will be made easier. I n particular it should not be too difficult to obtain the basic details of all of those members of the family descended from Walter Cooper, Wi llie Bray Cooper and Alfred Cooper, three of Edward's children.
Considerable headway has already been made with the New Zealand Coopers (those descended from Alfred) and some other parts of the family where contact has been made.
As more information is added to the data base, updates will be produced . It is also intended that more photos of members of the extended famil y will be included, together with pictures of places of significance. A t present, this work comprises a narrative section, giving the details o f all that is known of each person, together with any photos; and Famil y Trees.
The narrative section contains details of those people in the first fou r generations and the Family Tree contains all of those known in all ge nerations.
Some Sources of Information that have been used:
Civil registration of Births Deaths and Marriages in England and Wales ( Stored at the General Register Office, London) did not start until 1837 and was not enforced until 1875.
The International Genealogical Index (IGI) is an index of mostly Births , Christenings and Marriages collected by the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints (Mormons) from some of the Parish records of Gre at Britain and other countries. However, they were not permitted to rec ord some Parish records for religious reasons so this index is far from complete.
The old Parish records contained a minimal amount of information and it is sometimes impossible to track back from one generation to the previ ous one. An example of this is that the Marriage record of Henrietta an d Henry gives no details of their parents or where they were born. Pari sh Birth records do not give the maiden surname of the mother. Census r ecords, containing personal details have only survived since 1841. They were carried out every ten years. They are in Counties and in Census P laces within each County. Only one of them (1881) is indexed. They do n ot give the women's maiden surnames and the 1841 Census showed only whe ther or not the person was born in the County.
Recently the 1901 Census has become available on the Internet and a num ber of lines of enquiry will be made to try to trace parts of the famil y.
Streatham probably originated as a small Roman settlement during the bu ilding of the road from London to the Sussex coast. Documents show that prior to the Norman conquest the manor belonged to the Abbey of Cherts ey. Afterwards, together with Tooting it passed to the Abbey of Bec in N ormandy and subsequently to many notables including the Dukes of Bedfor d and the Du Cane family. It became an important resting place for trav ellers on the road from London to Croydon where the Archbishop of Cante rbury had a residence at Addington.
City merchants and other wealthy notables began building country reside nces there in the late 17th Century, attracted no doubt, by its reputat ion for good healthy air and the medicinal qualities of Streatham Spa. D evelopment was slow and concentrated mainly around the parish church of St Leonards and the Common and Greyhound Lane. In 1811 the population w as about 2700 and by 1851 was still less than 5000. By the end of the C entury it had reached 70,000, although the area was still considered ru ral with plenty of open space. The 35 acres of Streatham Common is all t hat now remains of a vast open land that once stretched from Norbury to Tulse Hill. The large estates and country houses were broken up after t he first world war and estates of smaller houses built in their thousan ds. Following severe bombing damage in World War II, many areas have al so been rebuilt with blocks of post-war housing.
Henry Cooper(178? - ?)
St George of Hanover Square
The first record appears to show Henry marrying Henrietta Baker in 1811 in St George, Hanover Square, Westminster. There is no certainty that this is the father and mother of Edward Cooper etc.
The next record shown in the IGI ( International Genealogical Index) sh ows the christening of Henry and Henrietta Cooper's children:
The records of St Leonards of Streatham etc:
1815 Maryanne Cooper - 6 Aug 1815 Tooting Graveney, Surrey, Englan d
1817 William Henry Cooper - 20 Apr 1817 Saint Leonards, Streatham, Surr ey,
1819 Charles Cooper - 4 Apr 1819 Saint Leonards, Streatham, Surr ey.
1821 Edward Cooper - 15 Jul 1821 Saint Leonards, Streatham, Surr ey.
1823 Lucy Cooper - 7 Sep 1823 Saint Leonards, Streatham, Surrey.
These records are considered to be the correct set as the dates, ages a nd birthplaces tie in with other records - Marriage Certificates and 18 41 and 1851 Census records.
So, it is reliably thought that Henry Cooper married a woman named Henr ietta whose name could possibly be BAKER and they had 5 children - 4 of whom were born in Streatham. They may or may not have married in 1811 in St George's, Hanover Square, Westminster.
The first child - Maryanne Cooper - does not show in any marriage rec ords seen so far. It is possible that she was an early death - as inf ant mortality was high. Or it may need more research.
Charles, Edward and Lucy Cooper all married in 1841 and William Henry m arried in 1851. Most of the marriage Certs show that Henry Cooper was a Butler. It does not show that he was deceased at the time of the marri ages - but it is thought that this could be the reason for three of the children marrying within the same year.
The Marriage of Henry's Children:
The marriages took place on:
Lucy 23 February 1841
Edward 12 September 1841
Charles 10 October 1841
William Henry 10 May 1851
Edward(2nd) 26 June 1853
The details of the 1841 England/Wales Census show Henrietta Cooper, Ed ward and Charles Cooper living together but there appears to be no reco rd of Henry.
All Census are carried out around the end of March. There is every pos sibility that Henry was away at work or visiting etc when the Census en umerator called at the house - or he may well have been dead. It is pec uliar that the three children should all have married within a few mont hs. This particular census did not show the "Head of the House". Ther e are no other later records of Henry that have been found.
There have always been family tales that henry was born in Scotland - t hree of his Grandchildren joined the Royal Scots Regiment in the First W orld War - but no evidence has turned up. He was a servant who would h ave travelled around Britain to the places that were owned by his maste r's family. One of these might have been Burnham in Buckinghamshire, w here Henrietta was born - or she may have travelled up to London ?? A l ot more research is needed